David Shenk is author of “The Genius in All of Us” and says “The public has been poorly served when it comes to understanding the relationship between biology and ability. The clichés we’ve been taught about genetic blueprints, IQ, and ‘giftedness’ all come out of crude, early-20th century guesswork.
“The reality is so much more interesting and complex. Genes do have a powerful influence on everything we do, but they respond to their environments in all sorts of interesting ways.
“We’ve now learned a lot more about the developmental mechanisms that enable people to get really good at stuff.
“Intelligence and talent turn out to be about process, not about whether you were born with certain ‘gifts.'”
The Genius in All of Us – Why Everything You’ve Been Told About Genetics, Talent, and IQ Is Wrong.
“In The Genius in All of Us Shenk beautifully explains why the nature-nurture debate is dead. It is not just the genes we are born with, but how we are raised and what opportunities are open to us that determine how smart we will become. Nurture and experience reshape our genes, and thus our brain. Shenk argues that the idea we are either born with genius or talent, or we aren’t, is simply untrue.
“The notion that relentless, deliberate practice changes the brain and thus our abilities has been undervalued over the past 30 years in favor of the concept of ‘innate giftedness.’ Practice, practice, practice (some say 10,000 hours or more) is what it takes. Shenk argues that it is just some fantasy that effortless, gifted genius is born and not made.”
“David Shenk sweeps aside decades of misconceptions about genetics — and shows that by overstating the importance of genes, we’ve understated the potential of ourselves. The Genius in All of Us is a persuasive and inspiring book that will make you think anew about your own life and our shared future.”
— DANIEL H. PINK, author of Drive
“Old fashioned beliefs, a desire to simplify and the remarkable successes of molecular biology led to an undue emphasis on the role of genes in the development of human intelligence. Environmental determinism exists too, but biology and psychology have moved well beyond these extreme positions. The importance of David Shenk’s book is that he has made accessible to a wide audience the advances in the understanding of how each person develops. I congratulate him.”
— SIR PATRICK BATESON, FRS, Emeritus Professor of Ethology, Cambridge University; former Biological Secretary of the Royal Society (UK); and co-author, Design For A Life: How Behaviour Develops
“In clear, forceful language, backed up by a boatload of science, David Shenk delivers a message that should be read by every parent, educator, and policy-maker who cares about the future of our children. The Genius in All of Us convincingly debunks the “genes are destiny” argument when it comes to human talent, and will force you to rethink everything from IQ tests and twins studies to child-rearing practices. Shenk’s book turns Baby Mozart on his head, and will give pause–a hopeful, empowering pause–to parents who wish to nurture excellence in their children.”
— STEPHEN S. HALL, author of Wisdom: From Philosophy to Neuroscience
Article publié pour la première fois le 01/09/2014